Skip to main content

Grading

Final grades for all courses will be submitted to the Registrar's office on a letter grade scale. Credit will be granted for only those courses completed with a grade of D or better. Faculties may require higher grades in some courses to meet degree requirements. See the faculty section of the academic calendar for more information. The following descriptions outline the quality of work associated with each letter grade. Percentage-to-grade equivalencies are included as a guideline for conversion.

A failing grade of WF may be assigned if you have administratively withdrawn for non-attendance.

Courses designated for pass/fail grading will be assigned a grade of PAS or FAL. For such courses, only failing grades will be included in the calculation of the grade point average. If your grade is not available when final grades are approved at the end of a term, special designation will be temporarily added to your record. If a deferred examination has been granted, a grade of DEF will be assigned. If a portion of the work required for the course is incomplete, a grade of INC may be recorded. These grades may satisfy prerequisites for further courses on a temporary basis, but not beyond the end of the subsequent term after which these grades revert to F.

Grade

Percentage

Grade points

Description

  A+

90 to 100

4.3

Excellent. Strong evidence of originality and independence of thought; good organization; capacity to analyze and synthesize; superior grasp of subject matter with sound critical evaluations; evidence of extensive knowledge base; and an outstanding ability to communicate.

A

85 to 89

4

A-

80 to 84

3.7

B+

77 to 79

3.3

Good. Substantial knowledge of subject matter; some evidence of organization and analytic ability; a moderate degree of originality and independence of thought; reasonable understanding of relevant issues; evidence of familiarity with literature; and an ability to communicate clearly and fluently.

B

73 to 76

3

B-

70 to 72

2.7

C+

67 to 69

2.3

Adequate. Student is profiting from his or her university experience; an acceptable understanding of the subject matter; ability to develop solutions to simple problems in the material; some ability to organize and analyze ideas; and an ability to communicate adequately.

C

60 to 66

2

D

50 to 59

1

Marginal. Some evidence that critical and analytic skills have been developed; rudimentary knowledge of the subject matter; and significant weakness in the ability to communicate.

F

0 to 49

0

Inadequate. Little evidence of even a superficial understanding of subject matter; weakness in critical and analytic skills; limited or irrelevant use of literature; failure to complete required work; and an inability to communicate.