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Abbreviations and acronyms

An abbreviation is a shortened or contracted form of a word or phrase, used to represent the full word (e.g. Doctor and Dr.).

An acronym is a word formed from the initial letters or groups of letters of words in a set phrase or series of words (e.g. University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT)).

Example 1: Periods are not used in acronyms but should follow an abbreviation.

For example: The University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) is located in Oshawa, Ontario.

Example 2: Limit the use of UOIT as an abbreviation. Spell out the full name of the university, and then refer to it as our university or the university.

When using an acronym, the first reference must be spelled out and immediately followed by the acronym in brackets. The acronym should be used in all subsequent references as long as it makes sense to do so.

For example: The UOIT Baagwating Indigenous Student Centre (UBISC) is located at the university’s downtown Oshawa location.

Provinces and Territories

In general, spell out the names of provinces, territories, countries and states in copy.

For Canadian provinces and territories, Canadian Press uses the following abbreviations in text (or for second references):

  • Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.L., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.
  • Yukon and Nunavut should be written out.

Canada Post’s standardized two-letter abbreviations may be used for mailing addresses, lists and tables:

  • AB, BC, MB, NB, NL, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT
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